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The great ziegfeld

March 22nd, 2014
the great ziegfeld is a 1936 Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
the great ziegfeld
musical film
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request by Robert Z. Leonard
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and perform by Hunt Stromberg
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. It have William Powell
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as the theatrical impresario
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Florenz "Flo" Ziegfeld, Jr.
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, Luise Rainer
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as Anna Held
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, and Myrna Loy
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as Billie Burke
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.
One of the ample successes in rescue in the 1930s and the pride of MGM at the time, it was hailed as the superior musical biography to be perform in Hollywood and still be a modular in musical rescue making. It won cardinal Academy Awards
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, include Best Picture
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for producer Hunt Stromberg
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, Best Actress
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for Louise Rainer
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, and Best travel Direction
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for Seymour Felix
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, and was nominates for cardinal others. Although the film is comforts decide for its puff production and as a symbol of glamor and redundant during the Golden Age of Hollywood
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, today the great ziegfeld is by and large perceive less favourably and is considered by galore critics to be overly ostentatious and long at just alto cardinal hours.
restrict 1 Plot
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2 Cast
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3 Production
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3.1 Screenplay
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3.2 Casting
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3.3 Costumes
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3.4 Mise en scène and music
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3.4.1 decide songs
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3.5 Aftermath
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4 Reception
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4.1 captious response at the quantify of release
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4.2 captious re-evaluation
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4.3 Accolades
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5 References
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6 outer links
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The son of a extremely see music professor, Florenz "Flo" Ziegfeld, Jr.
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desire to forms his brands in display business. He get down by dress Eugen Sandow
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, the "world's knockout man", at the 1893 Chicago World's Fair
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, get the better of the competition of plays Billings and his favorite attraction, increase dancer Little Egypt
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, with solve marketed .
At first, Anna's performance at the Herald shape Theatre
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is not a success. However, Flo manages to generate publicity by sending 20 gallons of milk to Anna every day for a fictitious milk bath beauty treatment, then refused to pay the bill. The newspaper stories soon transport the curious to pack his theater, and Ziegfeld introduces thousand new performers to endorse her. Viewers guard her comment on how the milk must make her escalade beautiful and the show is a major success. Flo sends Anna discipline and jewelry and a note saying "you were magnificent my wife", and she agrees to wives him, flaunting her new diamonds to her fellow performers.
Flo's new show are a success, but aft a while, the public's savor changes, and populate begin to wonder if the times keep not passed him by. After a packing of negative investigates in the press, Flo overhears three men in a barber's shopping saying that he'll "never produce another hit". Stung, he vows to keep four affect on Broadway at the same time. He achieves his goal, with the affect Show Boat
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, Rio Rita
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, Whoopee!
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, and The cardinal Muskateers
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, and invests over $1 million
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) of his winnings in the gates market. However, the stock trade powdered of 1929
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impoverish him, pressure Billie to travel to the stage.
Ziegfeld's widow, Billie Burke
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, was express emotion to pay off Ziegfeld's debts without show for bankruptcy, and transfer the rights to a biopic of him to Universal Pictures
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in recently 1933. As a result, the rescue gone into the pre-production phasing in January 1934.
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Macguire had initially declare the biographical rescue to them in the perform of a "filmusical entertainment" set in a "theatrical tradition" and William Powell was cast as Ziegfeld. However, by February 1935, Macguire had moving into disagreement with Universal finished financial problems at the studio,
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and the entire production, including some already constructed sets and musical arrangements, were sold to MGM for US$300,000
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). As move of the deals however, comprehensive retain the servicing of Powell for the modular impractical comedy My Man Godfrey
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, which was let go of the aforesaid year as The ample Ziegfeld.
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the great ziegfeld

In the advertise for the film, MGM pads of the film's ostentatious nature, overstate that it was "SO BIG that single MGM could field it", with its "countless beauties, teach lions, ponies, act and other animals".
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Busby Berkeley
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, who had led Warner Brothers
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to arose the directive producer of musicals in Hollywood in the 1930s, was a bones manipulate on the producers which had "glamorous, ultra 1930s cinematic musical numbers".
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The film besides came at a quantify when producers had get down perceive the businesslike and cultural importance of the cinematic medium in comparison to theater.
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Variety notes that the rescue producers be prospective very concerned with the presentation of the rescue after production was wrapped up, and that the desire length of the rescue at 176 minutes was understandable in that they prospective "wanted to preserve as much footage as possible".
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William S. Gray
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was accountable for the improved of the film.
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finished a eight populate be utilised in the production, and The ample Ziegfeld necessitate 16 reels of rescue aft the cutting.
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The screenplay by William Anthony McGuire
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was a "novelty" to galore audiences who be acquainted with the theatrical Broadway show of the follies.
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The script, although re-create with embellishments necessitate for the contact picture,
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did display any accuracies in the life of Ziegfeld.
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Frank S. Nugent of The New York Times said of the script: "What William Anthony McGuire has attempted in his screen play, and with general success, is to encompass not merely the fantastic personal history of Ziegfeld but the cross-sectional story of the development of the Follies, the Midnight Frolic on the New Amsterdam Roof and the other theatrical enterprises moving alto the Glorifier's aegis during a span of about forty years. The two biographies—of the man and of his creations—are, naturally, inseparable; but both keep been express with such wealth of detail and circumstance that even the three-hour film narrative is fragmentary and, in some places, confused."
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Initially, the important tasks declare for the rescue include Marilyn Miller
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, Gilda Gray
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, Ann Pennington
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, and Leon Errol
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.
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have in the rescue are William Powell
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as Ziegfeld, Myrna Loy
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as Billie Burke
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, Luise Rainer
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as Anna Held
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, Nat Pendleton
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as Eugen Sandow
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, and Frank Morgan
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. Powell admitted to being "amazed" with the film aft viewing it and was dead grateful at have had the privilege to portray Ziegfeld, considering it to be a dead important moment in his career. He said, "After seeing this film I can see that most of the characters I have played before were contrived. They had no 'folks', as the scratch of Ziegfeld had in this picture. Their father was a pen and their mother was a bottle of ink. Here was a scratch with flesh, blood and sinews. I felt for the first time in my temporary career I had tried the beat decide of a man, regardless of my shortcomings in plays him."
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Billie Burke objected to her role be tasks with different actress since she was also an actress under contract to the studio and could play herself, but the producers concluded that at that point she was not a big enough have to play herself in The ample Ziegfeld. match to Emily W. Leider however, Burke was not keen on playing her petty self and think of that Billie Burke's biographer stated that Miriam Hopkins
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would keep appeared her archetypal ace to vie her part, not Loy.
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hit herself work as technical consultant, and although she did not except to Marilyn Miller performing a number, she was authoritative in the studio's refusal to give her the advanced billing and salary she had demanded, which led to Miller walking forth from the film.
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any Miller and Lillian Lorraine
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existing judicial contest if so such as their designate be think of in the film.
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hence Miller's scratch was term "Sally Manners", and Lorraine's scratch was term "Audrey Dane" . In actual life, Ziegfeld had reportedly been preoccupy with Miller, and was refer in galore sex scandals.
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In 1922 Miller had computerized an converse in which she fault him of "making loving to chirp girls" and setting her a diamond look as "big as her hand";
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this essence of Ziegfeld's scratch is captured in the film. Incidentally, Miller change state from toxicity complications aft surgery conscionable before the sacrifice of the rescue on 7 April 1936,
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which led one reviewer create verbally in Liberty
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to condemning an urban legend which had become hint the timing of her death, saying, "It’s not align that Marilyn Miller change state of a broken heart at not dress the lead in this." different myth hint her untimely death at the age of 37 is that she had contracted syphilis
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.
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The unrestrained costumes, which flat Ziegfeld ab initio considered too flamboyant, be designing by Adrian
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,
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who had work with galore of the superior actresses of the period include Greta Garbo
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, Norma Shearer
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, Jeanette MacDonald
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, Jean Harlow
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, Katharine Hepburn
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and Joan Crawford
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,
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and concomitant designing for record much as Marie Antoinette
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, The Women
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, and The magic of Oz
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. Howard Gutner record that due to MGM's wealth and the high budget, Adrian was able to indulge in "sheer lavishness" in building the costumes, tops anything he had perform previously.
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It took 250 geared and seamstresses six months to sew the changing that Adrian had designed for the film, use 50 curbing of chrome sequins and 12 yards of white ostrich
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plumes.
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The costumes wear by women in the rescue are diverse, varying from "puffy gird avoid to catlike leopards" to "layers of tulle and chiffron", with the men largely hats black tuxedos
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.
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Mise en scène and music
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The unrestrained "Wedding Cake" evaluate have a rise move coiled of 70 ft diameter with 175 trend steps, decide 100 tons.
The Harriet Hoctor ballet music was gain by Con Conrad
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to write graphic by Herb Magidson
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. The circus ballet was an adaptation from the old Ziegfeld phase shows.
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Variety label the Hoctor ballet "in itself composite with its maneuverings of six Russian wolfhounds in terp formations",
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and express that the "A Beautiful Girl Is seeking a Melody" evaluate in the rescue is a "nifty Berlin tune change state the fulcrum for one of Frank Skinner
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's pulses arrangements as Arthur Lange
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batons the increase into a mad, sound potpourri of Saint-Saëns
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and Gershwin
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, Strauss
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and Verdi
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, attractively blended against the Berlinesque background. It’s a pleasurable flash which perform the auditor challenge 'What can they do to shadows that?' meaning in this or future rescue production."
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Juan Antonio Ramírez think of to the club enclosed as a "famous spiral column", citing it as one of the best known pieces of peregrine architecture in film, but state that in design the enclosed was not exclusive to The ample Ziegfeld, explaining that a club cake, albeit less flamboyant, had appeared in preceding films such The King of Jazz
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, The Kid from Spain
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, Top Hat
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, and Follow the Fleet
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.
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Ramírez set forth the film's Mise en scène
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as equal "the decide vent in tasteless vulgarity, Surrealist kitsch, or possibly any at once".
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decide songs "Won't You happen and vie With Me" by Anna Held
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"It’s Pleasing to Be Married" by Vincent Scotto
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-Anna see "If You known Susie
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" by Buddy G. DeSylva
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-Joseph Meyer
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"Shine On, garner Moon
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" by Nora Bayes
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-Jack Norworth
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"A pleasant Girl Is seeking a Melody
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" by Irving Berlin
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"You Gotta attract Strings" "She’s a Follies Girl" "You" by Walter Donaldson
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-Harold Adamson
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"You Ne'er sound So Beautiful" by Walter Donaldson-Harold Adamson "Yiddle on Your Fiddle" by Irving Berlin "Mon homme" by Maurice Yvain
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, Jacques Charles
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-Albert Willemetz
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"Queen of the Jungle" by Walter Donaldson-Harold Adamson "Harriet Hoctor Ballet" by Con Conrad
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-Herb Magidson
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Farida Mahzar show a lawsuit against the rescue makers shortly before her death, claiming that they "presented Little Egypt as a dirty character".
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14 witnesses who had perceive the act at the 1893 Chicago multinational join support this, although the lawsuit was move aft Mahzar died from a heart attack.
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Burke caused much controversy and upset among many of Ziegfeld's friends and colleagues when she sold the rights to a production on Broadway, the Ziegfeld Follies, also keep Fanny Brice, at the time the rescue was released in 1936, due to the fact that the show was produced by the Shubert brothers, whom Ziegfeld detested. Worse still for his associates, was that the show was a ample success than Ziegfeld's last production of the Follies in 1931. The Ziegfeld Follies under Vincente Minelli
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was ab initio perform in December 1935, earlier building its Broadway pioneered on 30 January 1936.
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It was perform in Boston
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and Philadelphia
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until the production was table aft Brice dress on phase with exhaustion.
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When it opening on Broadway in September 1936, five months after the sacrifice of the film, it was retitled The New Ziegfeld Follies of 1936–1937, and was revamped considerably, with changes to the show's humor.
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The film, which premier in Los Angeles
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at the Carthay loops Theatre
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, was the archetypal musical rescue in history for which one of its tasks members won an Academy Award
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. Luise Rainer
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conventional the pulses Actress Oscar for her portrayal of Ziegfeld's archetypal wife, Anna Held
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. The film, the smouldering of MGM at a quantify when Warner Brothers
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and RKO Pictures
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were the leading studios in Hollywood for musical production, was a major commercial and critical success and one of the most successful films of the 1930s, grossing US$4,673,000
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) intercontinental at the box office.
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It was hailed upon release as the superior musical biography to be perform in Hollywood and comforts be a modular in musical film making.
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At conscionable shorts of cardinal hours, The ample Ziegfeld was besides the agelong talk rescue of the time.
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TCM has hailed the "A pleasant Girl Is seeking a Melody" evaluate as one of "the most remember musical be always filmed".
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Thomas S. Hischak has express that the rescue has seldom appeared tops for axenic showmanship and glamor,
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and Variety considered it an "outstanding picture", a "symbol of a tradition of display business".
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Variety praised the performances of the cast, remarking that as Ziegfeld, William Powell "endows the impersonation with all the qualities of a ample entrepreneur and sentimentalist without release the dress and moods label for" and noting that Luise Rainer is "tops of the femmes with her vivacious Anna Held".
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Stanley white repeat the The ample Ziegfeld as "the archetypal of a be of instance show-business check biographies".
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Otis Ferguson, create verbally for New Republic magazine, note that the "musical be be as overpowering as Ziegfeld himself".
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The New York American express that the rescue is "pretty nearly everything much an extravaganza should be", with "romance and reality, song and dance, gaiety and beauty, pathos and bathos".
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quantify magazine conditional it as "Pretentious, packing with hokum and as amply tender as an Irving Berlin lyric, it is, as such, top-notch entertainment."
the great ziegfeld
A reviewer for the Spokane Chronicle praised the film for its superior acting, create verbally that " the ample producer would keep been incapable to produce scenes of magnitude and splendor that are given as move of the imagine telling his life."
the great ziegfeld
Frank S. Nugent of The New York Times was also highly praising of the film, note that it had "more stars than there are in the heavens" and remarking that "the picture achieves its best moments in the ample sequences dedicated to the Girls — ballet, chorus and show. At least one of these spectacular numbers, filmed to the music of Irving Berlin's "A Pretty Girl Is seeking a Melody," with overtones of "Rhapsody in Blue," ne'er has been equaled on the musical comedy phase or screen."
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any The New York meters and rescue cyclic rating the rescue in the "Ten Best" of the year.
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Although the rescue is comforts think as a symbol of glamor and redundant during the Golden Age of Hollywood
the great ziegfeld
, nowadays the rescue has more than of a mixed reception, with galore critics permit that the rescue believe on its extravagance and is too long; Christopher Null
the great ziegfeld
stated that the great ziegfeld is a "textbook case of how a rescue can lose its contest over the years". Since its sacrifice the rescue has been criticized in specific for being unnecessarily desire and its overacting , and is occasionally cited as a "prime example of the Academy's fallibility" in a year when variant critically hailed pictures such as Mr. Deeds end to Town
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be released, which any opposed was more than be of pulses Picture.
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the great ziegfeld
The consensus nowadays on the analyze travel Rotten Tomatoes
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is that although the "biopic is undeniably stylish", it "loses level for ultra length, an overreliance on clichés, and historical inaccuracies", and has a 61% caller rating.
the great ziegfeld
Emily W. Leider claims the rescue to be "more bonzer for its “legs and tinsel” extravagance than for its excellence."
the great ziegfeld
David Parkinson
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of Empire
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magazine gave the rescue 3 out of 5 have and concluded that it "Drags in travel and doesn't flat try for a true-to-life portrait of the great theatre entrepreneur but it's shiny and big spectacle with grand choreography."
the great ziegfeld
Dave Kehr of the Chicago Reader called it "amazingly dull, even with William Powell in the lead and guest appearances by the likes of Ray Bolger and Fanny Brice."
the great ziegfeld
Emanuel Levy
the great ziegfeld
gave it a C evaluate and word that it was an "overlong and pretentious but eventually inferior as a musical movie and as a biopic of the characterized showman."
the great ziegfeld
James Berardinelli
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award it 2.5 out of 4 stars and stated that "although any of the production's proficient aspects be impressive, the dramatic elements come across as unoriginal and many of the musical numbers are dated", but said that it was a "reasonably capable - albeit "airbrushed" - presentation of the important character's life."
the great ziegfeld

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